Friday, May 06, 2005

 

Abstract

In this research papers I want to talk about business negotiation, what is a problem and how do we make good deal with foreign people? International business is important to country’s economy by trading and tourism. So many countries are trying to negotiate well with foreign people. However, international negotiation can make easy to cultural trouble and historical trouble when we do business negotiation for example, different religion, language and so on. It is necessary to research and study foreign countries if we want to make a good deal. We should try to understand cultural differences, try to do business informal ways (internet and parties) and try to pay attention to women because women have more power than before. In addition, education also one of the important things do business negotiation because to study foreign country should be chance to have a good experience with foreign people. Negotiation is really important and difficult make good deal with foreign people we should try to study and research more.
 

Outline: negotiation

Negotiation

These: international negotiation is important to when we have business with foreign countries because cultural differences should influence international business negotiations.

1. Introduction undermine

(Background information)
A. Why is negotiation important for international business?
∑ Trade with foreign countries.
∑ Make good relationship with foreign countries.
∑ Know foreign countries’ culture.

B. Advantages of international business
∑ Money
∑ Development
∑ Patriotism

2. Problems of international negotiation
A. Cultural trouble
∑ Different religion
∑ Different language
∑ Different life style

B. Historical trouble
∑ A territory (ex. Korea and Japan)
∑ A hostile country

3. Solution: we should try to negotiate informal way, and try to understand each others culture before when we do business negotiation with foreign country.
∑ Understand each others Religion, language and common law. (education)
∑ Do business with Parties and webs (internet)

In conclusion, international business is important and sometimes it is hard work because we have different culture, religion and etc. Many things are different so we should try to understand cultural differences and study.
 

reasearch Proposal

International negotiation is important to when we do business with foreign countries because cultural differences could influence business negotiations. International business is important to country’s economy because if we do bossiness negotiation very well it can make good relationship with county’s economy by international trade, consequently now many counties are trying to make the deal with foreign countries. In addition, if we success in international business we can learn their culture for example, music, dance, language, religion and etc. However, international business is difficult to have good relationship with a foreign country because some countries have different culture for example, different religion, different language and different life style as a result; these things are making trouble on business. As well, when we do international negotiation with other country sometimes it is possible situation about historical trouble like, Japan and Korea’s war and territory. These two countries are negotiating for a territory, so now they are nervous each other. It is necessary to person who does business negotiation with a foreign county; the person should negotiate in an informal way, and try to understand each others culture before doing business negotiation with a foreign country. For example, sometimes we have parties with friends, but it is chance to meet many people and do business an informal ways. In addition, internet is good for making business negotiation because we can find much information and take communication easily from internet. Finally, International negotiation needs to study the country’s culture and religion because cultural differences are influential to some businesses (Senior Staff, 2005, March). For example in Hinduism, Hindu’s doesn’t eat beef because cow is a holy animal. Additionally, informal international negotiations make the deals with foreign country, such as parties and webs (internet) (James, K.S. 2002, April).
In conclusion, international business is important and sometimes it is hard work because we have different culture, religion and etc. Many things are different so we should try to understand cultural differences and study.
 

International Negotiation

International negotiation is important when we do business with foreign countries because cultural differences could influence business negotiations. International business is important to country’s economy because if we do business negotiation very well it can make a good relationship with a country’s economy by international trade, consequently now many counties are trying to make the deal with foreign countries. In addition, if we succeed in international business we can learn their culture for example, music, dance, language, religion and etc. However, international business is difficult to have good relationship with a foreign country because some countries have different cultures. For example, different religion, different language and different life style as for result; these things are making trouble for business negotiation. As well, when we do international negotiation with other country sometimes it is possible situation about historical trouble like, Japan and Korea’s war and territory. These two countries are negotiating for a territory, so now they are nervous with each other. It is necessary for a person who does business negotiation with a foreign county; the person should negotiate in an informal way, and try to understand each others culture before doing business negotiation with a foreign country. For example, sometimes we have parties with friends, but it is a chance to meet many people and do business an informal ways. In addition, the internet is good for making business negotiation because we can find much information and take communication easily from internet. Finally, International negotiation needs to study the country’s culture and religion because cultural differences are influential to some businesses (Senior Staff, 2005, March). For example in Hinduism, Hindu’s doesn’t eat beef because cow is a holy animal. Additionally, informal international negotiations make the deals with foreign country, such as parties and on the webs (internet) (James, K.S. 2002, April).
Cultural differences are able to influence international business negotiation and sometimes it makes some troubles in unpredicted ways. For example, American salesman who had a Saudi Arabian client he made pigskin blinder, but it made vile in many Muslim cultures. As a result, he was kicked out and his company becomes difficult to work with Saudi business (James, K.S.2002, April). This is not an unusual situation in international business negotiation because it has some kinds of cultural troubles for instance, different religion and different language. These two things are reasons of making trouble when we do international business negotiation. First, different religion is making problem in international business negotiation because some countries have different religions, such as Muslim, Hinduism, Buddhism, Catholicism and so on. The different religions have different rules for example, when Hindus are greeting they dislike handshake with other people and they don’t eat meat because a cow is most important animal in their religion. Consequently, if you do business with Hindus you can’t greet by handshake and you can’t sell meat. If you misunderstand the religion’s rules you will be trouble with foreign people. Second, different language is making problem in international business negotiation. Language is the most important thing when we do international business negotiation because if we can’t speak foreign language we can’t make good deal. However, it is difficult to speak foreign language because in the world, we have many kinds of languages so international business negotiation is difficult and hard.
In addition, sometimes historical troubles make international negotiation, such as a territory and a hostile country. Now Korea and Japan has a territory problem because “Dokdo is the source of perennial squabbling between South Korea and Japan, never more so than in the past two months, when Japanese nationalists started pressing their claim to islands they call Takeshima” (Barbara Demick. 2005, May 1). It is a small island and the island has some economical advantages, so both countries are negotiating almost 10 years but they don’t find answer yet. As a result, both countries people feel bad about that and they are becoming nervous each other. This kind of situation makes trouble in international business negotiation. As well, when we do international business negotiation with a hostile country we have some problems about history because a hostile country’s people have bad experience between country and country. If we do business negotiation with a hostile country we should do business carefully and try to understand the country’s history.
There are several good ways to make a deal with foreign people on business negotiation. For instance, we should try to negotiate informal way, try to make a good deal with high position woman, try to understand your counter part and try to understand each others culture before when we do business negotiation with foreign country. It is good way to negotiate to using internet. Many countries are using webs and that are more video conferencing influential than the real parties creation deal, even if those webs have no formal position of say, government agencies (James, K.S.2002, April). On the internet, we can meet many kinds of countries people and have more chance to do business. Almost people are using internet to do business. A party is also one of the important ways to negotiate because we can negotiate informally for example, “some parties may be willing, if they already have the security of a contact, to try to improve on what they have agrees through a second round of negotiation” (Williams, R.G. 1993, page 14). Since the internet was created, it has makes international negotiation easier. As we know that there are video conferencing, internet conferencing that people can see each other over the internet, so they don’t need to travel and use the time to travel, it actually can lower the cost and save a lot of time on negotiating.
In addition, it is important to understand each others culture before when we do business negotiation with foreign country because if we don’t understand cultural difference each other we have some trouble, such as different religion and different language. Understanding foreign country’s religion is making a good deal in international business negotiation. We should make more education systems and lessons. Oklahoma State University make event for studying international business negotiation “the event was put on by the OSU International Business program, the William S. Spears School of Business and the National collegiate Network, a Japanese institution that brings Japanese high school graduates to the United States to study at university” (Senior Staff. 2005, March). Foreign exchange is good way to have experience with foreign people on class and each country’s students can learn foreign language and cultural difference. This kind of education is important to understand cultural difference because we can learn how to negotiate with foreign people in university or high school. This education help to the students have experience for international business negotiation.
It is 21st century at this moment, and women’s role in society and business are changing. Back in the days, men dominate most of the top managers or executive, but more and more women have top executive power these days, such as HP ex-CEO or ex-British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (Business America, 1985). Now we have many famous businesswoman and these women influence international business for several ways. Since there are a lot of countries are still has a male dominated culture, those male dominated culture males have to know how to deal with the women leader from the western worlds. Sometimes because of those leaders from male dominated culture or organization look down on women counter parts from other country or company, the end up having a bad deal and bad negotiation. Therefore in international negotiation women take a very important role. For example, they don’t want to discrimination between man and woman. If we do international business, try to make a good connection with women. They can help to business negotiation.
In international negotiation, if you don’t understand your counterpart, you are not going have great negotiation, and maybe end up with a bad bargain or deal. So we need to do research on who ever we are dealing with on international business. For example, when we are going to buy a car, you want to research and compare the car with other cars that are in the same class. As a result, when we go to the dealership, we will know what is the high limit of this car price, and you will be able to negotiate the price with the dealer. On the other hand, since I am from Korea, if dealer knows a little about Korean culture or even has some knowledge about something that came from Korea, it might help the dealer have a better chance to sale this car to me, because he makes me feel like that he understand what I need. So if we change this into international negotiation, it is like people from 2 countries that are negotiating over a business deal.
International negotiation is important to country’s economy and also many counties try to make good relation with a foreign country. However that is not so easy because cultural differences and historical trouble should influence international business negotiations, such as religion, language and a hostile country. So I think we should try to negotiate informal way, and try to understand each others culture before when we do business negotiation with foreign country. In addition, education is the most important thing when we do international negotiation because if the country has good education system for students who study international business negotiation they can do business negotiation well. The education help to students have ability and experience before graduated university or high school. Negotiation is very important when we do business with foreign country’s people. Try to understand and study foreign country’s culture, history and so on.







Reference:
Senior Staff, (2005, March). OSU students learn about international business customs
ocolly.com
Available: http://www.ocolly.com/new_ocollycom/show_story.php?a_id=26073
James, K. S. (2002, April). How to negotiate “yes” Across cultural boundaries
Available: http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item.jhtmlid=2878&t=career_effectiveness
Business America, (1985, February). BUSINESS TOPIC: WOMEN IN BUSINESS
Women in exporting
Williams, G.R. (1993, page 14) Negotiation: Helping parties to reach Better Solutions.
Editor: Lavinia Hall
Barbara Demick (2005, May 1) Japan, S. Korea feud over isles: baltimoresun.com
Available:
http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/nationworld/balte.koreans01may01
,1,4350994.story?coll=bal-nationworld-headlines&ctrack=1&cset=true

Wednesday, April 13, 2005

 

A Family Plan

According to the article, “A family Plan” mentions Singapore’s government is trying to control the lives of its 2.6 million citizen. Lee Kuan Yew who is an administrator has forbidden long hair, videogames, handguns and marijuana. As a result, Singapore has clean streets and decreasing any cruel crime. In addition, Lee’s unique family planning is making “the government responded by legalizing abortion and cutting health benefits and maternity leave for couples with more than two children.” (G. Lloyd, para 3). These kinds things are reasons of Singapore government can control and change population to limit birth rates.
However, in Singapore it is big problem when Singapore’s men to marry women he consider to women’s education. Many Singapore’s men want to marry with a woman who has good education. In this article mentions 33% of women are not getting married “Female university graduates now outnumber males, and 33% of these women are not getting married” (G. Lloyd, para 3). Almost male don’t want to marry with higher education women because many males together with mother’s milk, so they want to become boss when they get married. Family plan is making society more educational.
Finally, Singapore is living many international people for example, Chinese, Malay, Indian and others, but some Malay Singaporeans worry about that the government concerns only Chinese because Chinese make 76% of the population but the number of Chinese population is decreasing, such as in 1980, 74% and 1985, 69% of third birth were Chinese. As a result, a Malay reporter asked First Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong “If the new policy was aimed at preserving Chinese dominance,” Goh commented that the Chinese are high population and Singapore government concerned their birthrate but they have low education. Lastly he said, “ Better educated Malays are also not producing the desired number of children; we encourage them to do” (G. Lloyd para 5) worry about Singapore government thinks and take care about Chinese.
Singapore’s government has power and that can control many kinds of thing such as, population and low. Usually, the government makes strict rules and hard penalty; result government can has strong power but also they shouldn’t push too hard.

Friday, March 04, 2005

 

Tourism vs. Environment (Final research papers)

Abstract

Tourism development includes ecotourism and green tourism and these two kinds of development give us some advantages and disadvantages. For example, ecotourism is supporting only development and economic because getting money is most important thing in ecotourism, but it is destroying an environment because tourism uses natural resources too much like, water and forest. However, green tourism is thinking about environment first and when it is developing try to develop with out hurt nature.
People should take education and teaching important things people who have to keep tourism roles. Moreover, recycling and changing law stricter are supporting to protect natural resources.













Many people pay attention to the tourism business because many people visit and spend money in tourism resort, which is supporting the city’s development and cash value. However, ecotourism is destroying our natural resources, for example transportation, hotels, golf courses and personal use of resources by tourists. Ecotourism is using many natural resources and damaging the environment, especially in America. Florida is a very famous place because it has a lot of natural resources, such as beautiful a scene, beach and wealth. In addition, “the Central Florida Visitor forecast calls for 57 million visitors to the Orlando metro area by year 3010” (Geberer S. Shifflet DK., 1998). As well, “our expectations are that during the period 1998-2010, there will be five major structural changes or event openings. These include Animal Kingdom, Sea world Atlantis, Universal Expansion World Expo, another Walt Disney Expansion, and another Universal Expansion” (Geberer S. Shifflet DK. 1998). Consequently, Florida’s environment is endangered by tourism, such as people making waste and noise. Environment is very important to our life because almost all people have advantages from natural resources; especially Florida’s ecotourism is using many natural resources such as, river, mountain and animals. However, nature is being destroyed by tourism. Ecotourism need many kinds of natural resources for example, beautiful places, animals, tourism development and so on. Ecotourism is natural resource based, has specific clientele, is resource preserving, has economic advantages of appreciative use and the economic support of local economics. The article, ecotourism, mentions some kinds of criteria, for example “natural resource based” to a comparatively immature natural environment. Secondly, “specific clientele” according to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, “77 million Americans over the age 16 (40% of adult population) enjoyed some form of wildlife related recreation in 1996” (Holland, S. and so on). There are two kinds of tourism development, such as ecotourism and green tourism. These two kinds of development are really different. Ecotourism development has some economical advantages and environmental disadvantages, but green tourism should be considered when people expand tourism development because it is better for the environment.
Tourism is putting pressure on several parts of nature. Fresh water is an important resource for our life but tourism development overuses water resource, for example hotels swimming pools and golf courses and personal use of water by tourists. According to the article, on a tourism-website, Tourism’s three main impact areas, “in recent years golf tourism has increased in popularity and the number of golf courses has grown rapidly. Golf courses require an enormous amount of water every day and, as with other causes of excessive extraction of water, this can result in water scarcity” (Tourism-website, 2001). In addition, tourism is causing air pollution and noisy transport by, air, road, and rail is incessantly increasing. “One study estimated that a single transatlantic return flight emits almost half the CO2 emissions produced by all other resources (lighting, heating, car use, etc.) consumed by an average person yearly” (Tourism-website, 2001). Noise pollution from airplanes, cars and buses, in addition to leisure vehicles for instance snowmobiles and jet skis, are problems. Finally, tourism development shows physical impacts on some areas for example, top of mountains, lakes and riversides. These physical impacts cause the degradation of such ecosystems.
Tourism development has some advantages and disadvantages. Economic advantages of appreciative use protecting nature by “selling” it, it means natural resources are sustainable if we use the right way to natural resource the resources might be renewable. According to the book, International tourism policy, tourism development is an important position in the economic and technological improvement of a nation. “It a. stimulates the development of basic infrastructure (such as airports, harbors, roads, sewers, and electrical power), b. contributes to the growth of domestic industries that supply the tourism industry (e.g., transportation, agriculture, food processing, commercial fishing, lumbering, and construction), c. attracts foreign investment (especially in hotels), and d. facilitates the transfer of technology and technical know-know (Edgell, D.L., 1990 p29-30).” Moreover, the comparative benefit for tourism development sometimes supports developing nations to make foreign exchange more quickly and this is easier than they could make and develop other products. On the other hand, ecotourism development has some disadvantages, such as pollution and depletion of natural resources and extinction of species. For example, in Florida some hotels were constructed in font of a beach that attracted tourists in the first place, but this spoils the scenic view of a beach. Also tourism areas are overcrowded, noisy, tastelessly developed, and environmentally polluted (Edgell, D.L., 1990, p115). In addition, ecotourism development requires many resources, so it uses too many resources and is hard to sustain. Natural resources are renewable resources such as, water, soil, air and sun. However, if people use many natural resources over and over the resources can’t be sustainable by human action especially, ecotourism. It is using many natural resources and damaging for environment. The last disadvantage of ecotourism is that some kinds of species are becoming endangered, such as white shark, bobcat and turtle by hunting, not enough food and no place to live.
Green tourism is different from ecotourism because Green Tourism development has to create efforts to decrease their impact on the environment and might not use the environment or nature like a marketing tool. Ecotourism development uses environment and nature as a marketing tool and may not be making efforts to decrease their impact on the environment. Members of the Green Tourism system take in business conference center and city center hotels, self catering accommodation, restaurants, visitors’ center and even some distilleries and transport operators. Green tourism considers an environment and support to human’s healthy care (Tourism-website). Moreover, education and training are important to tourism development, which is a curriculum and study programs for tourism and hotel schools. People can get information and education from instructors and teachers about how to do tourism without hurting environment. The education programs show tourists many kinds of environmental problems, such as endangered species, and pollution, also they teach some role of tourism every take care of environment and use natural resources more carefully. The U.S. government should make a better role for protecting our natural resources, for example they could make environmental laws stricter, have more recycling and more greenbelt places. Because of tourism development uses many resources and people make too many environmental problems, like air, water and nose pollution. These kinds of rules would protect the environment by overuse natural resources and tourism development because people could try to clean up nature, plant more trees in greenbelt places and do recycling education for tourists.
Tourism development is good for an economy if tourists protect and maintain the environment, however if people don’t care about natural resources we are going to lose both our tourism development and natural resources. I think when tourism development is doing something it has to think about nature more carefully. People have to consider the environment when they do something, such as building houses and buildings. We need to protect natural resources because that is most important thing in our life. People should try to understand our environment, which is better system for human’s life between green tourism and ecotourism development. They should think about what they are doing to protect environment by tourism development. We should make more organizations to protect and help the environment and the tourism industry develop more carefully. People don’t think about other things, they just want to have convenience and enjoy life whether wildlife is going to die and endanger. Now many things are very useful and convenience for example, transportation. However, our environment and natural resources is getting sick from ecotourism’s action, such as restaurants, hotels and golf course in tourist resort. It is using many natural resources and making environmental troubles, such as nose and waste. These things are damaging the environment and they come from ecotourism development. People should support green tourism development. For example, government pays attention to environmental problems and ecotourism’s problems. It think about environment and human’s healthy care first because green tourism goal is development without damage environment.






Bibliography

Tourism (October 9, 2001). Tourism’s three main impact areas. Retrieved January 27,
2005 from: http:/ www.unepie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism/env-3main.htm
Ecotourism (Holland, S. and so on). University of Florida. Retrieved February 1, 2005
from: http//www.cnr.ifas.ufl.edu
Green tourism environment policies (February). Green tourism & ecotourism.
Retrieved February 27, 2005 from: http//www.lochnesscottages.co.uk/environmental.htm
Fish kind & Associates (Geberer, S. Shifflet, DK. June 5, 1998). Central Florida visitor
industry report; Retrieved February 17, 2005 from: http// www.fishkind.com/visitor.html
Edgell, D.L. (1990). International tourism policy. Van Nostrand Reinhold; Retrieved
February 19, 2005

Thursday, March 03, 2005

 

High deer densities

In America there is serious problem about deer’s population is increasing. By the end of the 19th century wildlife management made stricter law about hunting and that resulted in the rebound of deer population figure. There are several reasons about increase of deer’s numbers. One of the serious problems is elimination of wolves and lions because deer has no natural enemy. In addition, private landowner prohibit hunting and “human manipulation of land for agriculture and silviculture also improved and expanded habitat for deer, an “edge species” with an similarity for forested landscapes fragmented by open fields (Tania M. 2004).” High deer’s population is damaging wildlife. For example; they eat many kinds of plant such as orchids and lilies. As a result, some species are disappearing by high deer population.
In America, we can find deer easier in East and Midwest, also in Carbondale, Illinois. Theses places have some deer problems, such as car accidents and the crops damages. Now we have deer insurance, which means if somebody crushes into deer the person will get money from insurance company. To decrease deer’s population, America needs to loosen the law of deer hunting and let hunters to be able to hunt larger amount of deer. Moreover, America needs to protect the deer’s natural enemies to keep deer’s population down. Lastly, maybe restaurant in America should have more food menu that is made of deer’s meat.

Monday, February 28, 2005

 

Outline

Tourism vs. environment
Thesis: Green tourism is using a lot of natural resources and damaging the environment consequently, that is important to have tourism without hurting the environment.
1. Introduction undermine
A. Background information
1. Why is environment important for Florida?
a. for animals and nature
b. for humans
2. Florida’s natural problem
a. using natural resources too much
b. a lot of tourist
c. waste
3. Effects of ecotourism
a. good thing; money and development easier.
b. bad thing; waste, nose and destroy nature.

Solution: Florida tries to request natural things for people when people using everything, and try to make environmental laws stricter.

a. recycling
b. no chemical things (shampoo and etc..)
c. expensive penalty
d. janitor

Opinion: It is important to find ways to protect environment because we can’t live without environment
 

Tourism impacts

Florida is very famous place in America because there has a lot of natural resources and many people want to visit that place, as a result Florida’s environment is dangerous by the tourism. For example, tourists come to Florida then, using many resources, making waste and noising. Environment is very important to in our life because almost people have advantages from natural resources especially; Florida’s ecotourism is using many natural resources such as, river, mountain and animals. However, nature is destroying by the tourism. The ecotourism need many kinds of natural resources for example, beautiful places, animals, tourism development and so on. Tourist development needs high technology and a lot of money. Florid is interesting place because there has good nature, high population and tourist resort. In addition, environmentalists and scientists worry about Florida’s natural resources.
Tourism business is supporting Florida’s economic and development, but that needs expensive management expenses and should be destruction much kind of natural resources. People have to understand why environment is important to tourism. Many tourists and other people do not care about environment because nature give to us many resources from long times to now, so many people do not know. Now tourism is making risk in our environment.
People try to use recycling materials, need education and make stricter penalty for people who do damage to environment.
 

Tourism vs. environment

Many people are attention to tourism business because many people visit and spend money in tourism resort, which is supporting to the city’s development and cash value. However, these ecotourism are destroying our natural resources, for example transportations, hotels, golf course and personal use of resources by tourists. Ecotourism is using many natural resources and damaging the environment, especially in America, Florida is very famous place because there has a lot of natural resources, such as beautiful a scene, beach and wealth. In addition, “the Central Florida Visitor forecast calls for 57 million visitors to the Orlando metro area by year 3010 (Geberer S. Shifflet DK. 1998).” As well, “our expectations are that during the period 1998-2010, there will be five major structural changes or event openings. These include Animal Kingdom, Sea world Atlantis, Universal Expansion World Expo, another Walt Disney Expansion, and another Universal Expansion (Geberer S. Shifflet DK. 1998).” Consequently, Florida’s environment is dangerous by the tourism, such as making waste and noising. Environment is very important to in our life because almost people have advantages from natural resources especially; Florida’s ecotourism is using many natural resources such as, river, mountain and animals. However, nature is being destroyed by the tourism. The ecotourism need many kinds of natural resources for example, beautiful places, animals, tourism development and so on. Ecotourism as being natural resource based, having specific clientele, being resource preserving, having economic advantages of appreciative use and the economic support of local economics. The article mentions some kinds of criteria, for example “natural resource based” to a comparatively immature natural environment. Secondly, “specific clientele” according to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, “77million Americans over the age 16 (40% of adult population) enjoyed some form of wildlife related recreation in 1996.” Then, resource preserving is education ecotourists to take care of natural resources. Next, economic advantages of appreciative use protecting nature by “selling” it, it means natural resources are sustainable if we use the right way to natural resource the resources might be renewable. Finally, economic support of local economics, that is using money for local businesses because ecotourism occupies interdependent environmental political, and economic factors (Holland, S. and so on). Ecotourism development can put pressure on natural resources but it has economical advantages and environmental disadvantages.
Tourism is putting pressure on several part of nature. Fresh water is important resources for our life but tourism development overuses water resource, hotels swimming pools and golf courses and personal use of water by tourists. According to the article, on a tourism-website, Tourism’s three main impact areas, “in recent years golf tourism has increased in popularity and the number of golf courses has grown rapidly. Golf courses require an enormous amount of water every day and, as with other causes of excessive extraction of water, this can result in water scarcity (tourism-website, 2001).” In addition, tourism is causing the air pollution and noising transport by, air, road, and rail is incessantly increasing. “One study estimated that a single transatlantic return flight emits almost half the CO2 emissions produced by all other resources (lighting, heating, car use, etc.) consumed by an average person yearly (tourism-website, 2001).” Noise pollution from airplanes, cars and buses, in addition to leisure vehicles for instance snowmobiles and jet skis, are problem. Finally, tourism development shows physical impacts some areas for example, top of mountains, lacks and riversides. Characteristic physical impacts contain the degradation of such ecosystem.
Tourism development has some advantages and disadvantages. According to the book, International tourism policy, tourism development is an important position in the economic and technological improvement of nation. “It a. stimulates the development of basic infrastructure (such as airports, harbors, roads, sewers, and electrical power), b. contributes to the growth of domestic industries that supply the tourism industry (e.g., transportation, agriculture, food processing, commercial fishing, lumbering, and construction), c. attracts foreign investment (especially in hotels), and d. facilitates the transfer of technology and technical know-know (Edgell, D.L. p29-30).” Moreover, the comparative benefit for tourism development sometimes support developing nations make foreign exchange more quickly and this is easier than they could make and develop other products. On the other hand, the ecotourism development has some disadvantages, such as pollution and depletion of natural resources and extinction of species. For example, in Florida some hotels are construction font of beach that attracted tourists in the first place to spoil the scenic view of beach. Added tourism areas are overcrowded, noisy, tastelessly developed, and environmentally polluted (Edgell, D.L. p115). In addition, ecotourism development is using many resources but it use too much resources and hard to sustainable. Natural resources are renewable resource such as, water, soil, air and sun. However, if people use many natural resources over and over the resources is can’t sustainable by human action especially, ecotourism. It is using many natural resources and giving damage for environment. The last disadvantage of ecotourism is some kinds of species are becoming endangered, such as white shark, bobcat and turtle by hunting, not enough food and no place to live. Furthermore, In China many pandas are going to extermination because, not enough food and places by development. In addition, there is other problem with pandas, such as bamboo is dying naturally because human construct roads, buildings and overuse, so pandas can not get enough food. Many people destroy forest by development as a result; almost pandas are starving and dying (essay, Panda).
Green tourism is different from ecotourism to Green Tourism development has to create efforts to decrease their impact on the environment and might not use the environment or nature like a marketing tool. Ecotourism development use environment and nature as a marketing tool and may not be making efforts to decrease their impact on the environment. Members of the Green Tourism system take in business conference center and city center hotels, self catering accommodation, restaurants, visitors’ center and even some distilleries and transport operators. Green tourism considers to environment and support to human’s healthy care (tourism-website). Moreover, education and training are important to tourism development which is curricular and study programs for tourism and hotel schools. People can get information and education from instructors and teachers about how to do tourism without hurting environment. The education programs show tourists many kinds of environmental problems, such as endangered species, and pollution, also they teach some role of tourism every take care of environment and use natural resources more carefully. The U.S. government should make better role for protecting our natural resources, for example they could make environmental laws stricter, have more recycling and more greenbelt place, because tourism development uses many resources and people make too many environmental problems, like air, water and nose pollution. These kinds of rules would protect the environment by overuse natural resources and tourism development because people could try to clean up nature, the plant more trees in greenbelt places and do recycling education for tourists.
Tourism development is good for economic if tourist protect and maintain the environment, however if people don’t care about natural resources we are going to lose our tourism development and natural resources both. I think when tourism development is doing something it has to think about nature more carefully. People have to consider the environment when they do something, such as built houses and buildings. We need to protect natural resources because that is most important thing in our life. People should try to understand environment which is better system for human’s life between green tourism and ecotourism development. They should think about what they are doing to protect environment by tourism development. We should make more organizations to protect and help the environment and the tourism industry develop more carefully. People don’t think about other things, they just want to have convenience and enjoy life something is going to die and endanger. Now many things are very useful and convenience for example, transportation. However, our environment and natural resources is getting sick from ecotourism’s action, such as restaurants, hotels and golf course in tourist resort. It is suing many natural resources and making environmental troubles, such as nose and waste. These things are damaging the environment and they come from ecotourism development. People should support to green tourism development. It think about environment and human’s healthy care first because green tourism goal is development without damage environment.



Bibliography

Tourism (October 9, 2001); Tourism’s three main impact areas; Retrieved January 27, 2005 from: http:/ www.unepie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism/env-3main.htm
Ecotourism (Holland, S. and so on); University of Florida; Retrieved February 1, 2005 from: http//www.cnr.ifas.ufl.edu
Green tourism environment policies (February); green tourism & ecotourism; Retrieved February 27, 2005 from: http//www.lochnesscottages.co.uk/environmental.htm
Fish kind & Associates (Geberer, S. Shifflet, DK. June 5, 1998); Central Florida visitor industry report; Retrieved February 17, 2005 from:
http// www.fishkind.com/visitor.html
Pandas (essay); pandas; Retrieved December 2, 2004 from: class activity.
Edgell, D.L. (1990); International tourism policy, Van Nostrand Reinhold; Retrieved February 19, 2005

Friday, December 10, 2004

 

china's water pollution

China’s water pollution

Water is very important in the world and our life because almost people take advantages from water such as, drinking, fishing and washing. Some countries people and animals move many places because they have to find water for their life. For a long time we had been using water and also that time’s water was very clean. However, now many countries worry about water pollution and try to clean the water especially China. China has huge of population and developing country so, these kinds of thing are making environmental problems for example, cutting tree, animal extermination and nasty water. In addition, china’s environment is important for other countries because china is the biggest country in Asia and it is giving the influence of other Asia country by a lot of natural source, such as tree, animals, water and etc. now these kinds of natural resources are going to die by the pollution. However, many people and animals are damaged from water pollution. In addition, almost people do not know why water is important, so people make accidents, refuse dumps and factories make wastewater. As a result, now our water is becoming unclean. For example, some kinds of things make oil spill, garbage and wastewater. We have to find way to prevent water pollution. For example, when people use something if that made by chemical thing you can use to make by natural material things as soon as possible, need to international organization help, try to make environmental law more strictly.
I want to recommend people have to prepare more carefully. China needs to help so we have to try to find good way to make cleaner environment than now. China’s environment has a lot of natural resources and that will be helping other countries in the future. Our natural resources are great property from our ancestors.

 

sol;ution of china's water pollution

Water is very important in the world and our life because everybody take advantages from water such as, drinking, fishing, and washing. Some countries people and animals move many places because they have to find water for their life. For a long time we had been using water and also over that time water was very clean. However, now many countries worry about water pollution and try to clean the water, especially China. China has a huge population and is a developing country, as a result these kinds of industrial things are making environmental problems, for example, cutting down trees, animal extermination and nasty water. In addition, China’s environment is important for other countries because China is the biggest country in Asia and it influence of giving other Asia country by a lot of natural sources, such as trees, animals, water and etc. Now these kinds of natural resources are going to die from pollution and many people and animals are damaged from water pollution for example, people and animals are drinking water and eating fish. In China, sometimes companies and people make accidents like, oil spill but, the most problem is many people have refuse dumps and factories make wastewater. As a result, now China’s water is becoming unclean and other countries’ too. The Chinese have to find way to prevent water pollution for example, try to use everything made by natural material things as soon as possible and try to decrease oil accidents (oil spill).

According to the Xinhaua New Agency, China needs water pollution control if they don’t care about water pollution in the future, many people are going to be lacking water (New Agency, 2004). Water is very important for Chinese because a lot of Chinese are drinking and using it. And many kinds of animals and plants need water. In addition, economical development is one of the problems to China’s water pollution because people want to live in cities. In China, some rivers are polluted and need control for example, the Yangtze is one of the famous rivers in China, but the river’s water color is yellow. Now China tries to make guidelines for water pollution and that is helping people to understand that water is an important natural resource. For example, that will be explain about water condition and what should we do to protecting water. Finally, in this article said, “Sheng blamed the practice of seeking economic growth at the expense of environment as the cause of the failure in pollution control and it is irrational and unacceptable at all to seek economic growth as a high cost of natural resources and even on the expense of people health (News Agency, 2004).”

Chinese make many kinds of garbage so some companies made recycle able things like bottles and cans. That means garbage, can be used again, that we called recycling. Recycling is very important and gives some advantages for waste. In America, recycling had supported decreasing waste. For example, garbage is recycling less than 10 percent of our waste. Currently, San Diegans are recycling less than 10 percent of their waste. The goal is to raise that to 20 percent by the early 1990s (O’Connor, K, 1989, p58). Recycling and garbage disposal have also became more sophisticated. Chinese try to use recycling things for water.

In addition, Chinese makes and uses many kinds of medicines because they have high population so need many medicines However, after use medicine medical waste is very dangerous because that is made by chemical thing. Chinese have to do treatment carefully medical waste. Chinese should to prevent our water from recycling that will be help to prevent water and increase waste. Sometimes, when people dump refuse some kinds of wastes are very dangerous like sponge and vinyl because, these wastes are made by chemical combination. We cannot know why some diseases were created like AIDS. We used many kinds of chemical things. As a result, people and animals are damaged from many kinds of very dangerous diseases. Water pollution destroys many things near the water such as, trees, beaches and plants. The chemical waste is dangerous for everything. Here is two ways to prevent water from chemical waste and dump waste. First, China’s government control all of the factories cleanup system for example, if the factory has no cleanup system government gives penalty for factory strictly. In addition, people do observation each other person who can not dump waste anywhere. Secondly, Chinese try to divide waste for several dustbins for example, dump chemical waste only one of dustbin and dump can be recycling thing another dustbin. This way is using many developing countries because divide waste way is supporting decrease waste and good for economy also.

In China, a total of 29,000 tons of oil was leaked out in 53 serious accidents from 1973 to 1999. Statistics show that during 1965 to 1997, a total of 4.14 million tons of oil was leaked around the world and China’s rivers (http://english.peopledaily.com), when we have oil accident in ocean most of the spilled oil ended up on sandy beaches. The wave action along these shores caused the oil to emulsify. According to clean water experts, “Emulsification takes place when two liquids do not mix. Agitated by the waves, the oil from the oil spill formed petroleum globules in the seawater. The result was a foul smelling, reddish brown liquid called mousse (1992).” Sometimes, when we are swimming in the ocean we can see floating oil disks or plastic garbage. These things affect swimmers and plants such as, illnesses. In addition, oil stick on rocks, so many kinds of plants and mosses do not live on rocks. For a long time, water was very important when we do any things instead of; make food and drinking in our life. However, if we do not prevent our water we will have big problems from the water pollution. For example, water pollution damages many things’ causes animals to die, makes new diseases and destroys nature (trees and plants). Water pollution’s effects are very serious problem in our life and nature.

And then, there are a lot of diseases in our life because many kinds of pollutants create new diseases, so now these have become more dangerous than before when we are in childhood. For example, In Japan, when they finish the war they covered biological weapon in the land. In that time, they thought it is safety but that happen made many children a deformed person because the biological weapon’s poison melted in the subterranean water. This problem happened 4 years ago in Japan when I was studying in university. I heart many people getting sick and disease from media. As a result, some children died and became a deformed person. However, scientists could not find a way to prevent this in children because it is new disease.

For years, environmentalists charged that many of the large oil tankers in use were old and bald in need of repair between 1984 and 1986. In China, there is using single bottom when they transport oil because single bottom is cheaper than double bottom. There are can be divided two types of bottom, single bottom and double bottom. Nearly, all of the oil tankers now in use to have single bottom designs. This means that a sheet of metal about one inch thick is all that separates the oil from the ocean waters below (Nardo, D, 1990, p81). According to ship designers comment, “That a double bottom design is much safer (80).” The undersides of a double bottom taker would consist of two flat metal sheets separated by an empty compartment about ten feet high (Nardo, D, 1990, p82). If such a ship ran aground, only the outer bottom is going to rupture. The inner bottom is going to Safety contain the oil. Even if single bottom is cheaper than double bottom but double bottom is much safer. China has to change all of single bottom to double bottom because oil is going to damage everything such as, animal, human and water when the oil spill on the water. Now, almost of oil companies use to double bottom for prevents water pollution and accidents except China.

China has a lot of natural resources such as, trees, water and animals. These natural resources give advantages for China and other countries for example; people can see the rare animals like, panda and get food from clean water like, fish and plant. However, most Chinese do not worry about environmental problem because they want to development the economy only. We can understand why developing is most important for China however, China needs sustainable development because many developing countries commented; they already destroy many kinds of natural things such as, water, air and animal after development. As a result, many developing countries help and support China’s development for example, do recycling and education for oil accidents. These things are really important for emerging economy because if Chinese do recycling a lot of thing in our life such as, can, bottle and paper China can get money form recycling and decrease life waste. It is good way for economy and environment. And then, China has to use safety way to oil transportation because oil spill is too dangerous for human and nature. For example, oil is made b chemical marital so people and people and animals cannot drink water and it makes illnesses. China has to use safety oil tank like, double bottom tank. The double bottom tank is best way to prevent oil when people transport oil.

Bibliography
The Xinhua New Agent (2004, May 25), Chemical company president resign over China’s Worst river pollution case, Retrieved October 29, 2004 form Lexis-Nexis database.
The Xinhua News Agent (2004, October 14), Water pollution a “grave challenge” to china, says top legislator, Retrieved November 10, 2004 form Lexis-Nexis database.
Ontario’s mutual insurance companies (2002-2004), Oil tank and Impacts from oil spills-be informed, retrieved December 2, 2004 from http://www.omia.com/safty_oilTanks.asp
People’s Daily (2000 April 25), China implementing program against maritime oil spill, Retrieved December 2, 2004 from http://english.people.com.cn/english/200004/25/eng20000425_39594.html
Nardo, D. (1990), Oil Spill. San Diego: Lucent Books.
O’Connor, K. (Ed). (1990), Garbage. San Diego: Lucent Books.


Sunday, October 10, 2004

 

Essay & Fruit


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